Post Entry Quarantine
The importation of new and improved varieties of plants for crop improvement becomes necessary as we seek to increase production and productivity. Furthermore, with the movement of plant materials around the world, this can lead to increased dissemination of dangerous pests.
The goal of the Post Entry Quarantine Unit is to screen high and medium risk plant germplasm or plant propagating materials obtained for agricultural production or for research purposes in order to prevent the introduction of new pests into Jamaica’s agricultural system. The Post-Entry Quarantine facility, located in Bodles, St. Catherine, serves as a secure environment that will ensure the containment of noxious pests and diseases that may be found on imported plant material.
PEQ Unit acts as the complementary agent to government inspectors by growing and screening imported plant material under quarantine conditions. Some commercial crops are given priority through programmes that seek to address possible and active infestations. The flagship programmes currently being executed are:
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) has been present in Jamaica for years but the urgency of the problem of the disease has increased with the discovery of the brown citrus aphid. The aphid is an efficient transmitter of the disease. This has led the citrus growers along with the Ministry of Agriculture to initiate the development of a Citrus Certification Programme (CCP).
The Citrus Certification Programme’s main responsibility is the prevention of the distribution of trees contaminated with diseases and to allow for early discovery of new pathogens and vectors or transmitter of diseases. So, PEQ facilitates the CCP in the current activities listed below.
Diagnostic tests are done for:
CTV affects citrus scion budded onto the Sour orange rootstock. In Jamaica about 98% of citrus was produced on Sour orange rootstock. So the CCP has allowed the introduction of alternative rootstocks that are resistant and/or tolerant to CTV, namely, Cleopatra mandarin, single citrumelo, Carrizo citrange and Gou tou. However, these other rootstocks have other characteristics that differ from Sour orange. In order to assist with the transition of the new recommended rootstocks to local production, PEQ has embarked on field evaluation of these rootstocks in the major citrus cultivated areas in Jamaica.
The objectives of the field evaluations are to:
1. Provision of Certified bud wood to citrus nurseries:
Orders must be placed through:
The Jamaica Citrus Protection Agency
Bog Walk, St. Catherine
Telephone: (876) 708-2785
Fax: (876) 708-2737
Testing of citrus for viruses and viroids
To request the service complete the Bioindexing Survey form and mail to:
The Chief Post-Entry Officer
Research and Development Division
Old Harbour P.O., St. Catherine