Eat What We Grow
Choosing Plants for the Backyard Garden

The best place to begin is choosing the plant. In selecting the plant for your garden the family’s tastes, the harvest period and the space required must be taken into account. For the most part, small containers are all we need to begin our garden; then we can expand as our skill sets develop.

Homes with back yards are ideal for growing vine plants such as potato, watermelon and pumpkin. Take note this does not exclude the front yard. Front yard gardens, however, will demand an eye for design and layout to make the garden appealing to passers-by.

Let us turn our focus on the growing period. Vegetables are good plants to begin with because they take 3-6 months to mature. Other options include:

Legumes & Nuts

Peanut

Sowing date April and September
Growth time 60 days
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Peas & Beans

Sowing date April
Growth time 60 days

Vegetables

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Asparagus

Sowing date Year-round
Growth time Second year
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Beetroot

Sowing date September-January
Growth time 40-70 days
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Broccoli

Sowing date April-May
Growth time 4-5 months
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Cabbage

Sowing date September-January; grown year round with irrigation
Growth time 4-5 months
a

Calaloo

Sowing date Year-round
Growth time 30-60 days
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Carrot

Sowing date September-Januarygrown year round
Growth time 90 days
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Cauliflower

Sowing date Year-round
Growth time 4-5 months
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Cho-Cho

Sowing date
Growth time 4-8 months
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Cucumbers

Sowing date Year-round
Growth time 2-3 months
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Eggplants

Sowing date Grown year round
Growth time 4-5 months
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Lettuce

Sowing date Year-round with good water supply
Growth time 70-90 days
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Okra

Sowing dateYear round at low lands; hot months in high areas
Growth time 60-90 days
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Pak Choi

Sowing date Year-round with good water supply
Growth time 60 days
a

Pumpkin

Sowing dateYear round
Growth time4-5 months
a

Radish

Sowing date September-January. Does best at high elevations.
Growth time
a

Sorrel

Sowing date Plant in July to be reaped in December to January
Growth time 5-6 months
a

String beans

Sowing date Year-round
Growth time 60 days
a

Tomato

Sowing dateYear round with irrigation
Growth time 4-5 months
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Turnip

Sowing date Cool climate essential; grows best at high elevations.
Growth time 60-90 days
 

 

Condiments

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Escallion

Sowing date Year-round
Growth time 60-90 days
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Garlic

Sowing date
Growth time 5 months
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Onions

Sowing date March-April
Growth time 4-5 months
a

Hot Pepper

Sowing dateYear round
Growth time 4-5 months
a

Sweet (Bell) Pepper

Sowing date September to January; prefers high elevation
Growth time 60 days
a

Thyme

Sowing dateYear round
Growth time 60-90 days

Starchy Foods

a

Cassava

Sowing date Requires alternating dry and rainy seasons
Growth time 9-12 months
a

Coco

Sowing date
Growth time 7-9 months
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Corn

Sowing date March-May; plant at the start of the rainy season
Growth time 2-3 months
a

Dasheen

Sowing date
Growth time 7-9 months
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Potatoes (Irish and Sweet)

Sowing date April-May
Growth time 90-150 days
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Yam

Sowing date Year orund
Growth time 7-10 months

Fruits

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Canteloupe

Sowing date September-April
Growth time 9-12 months
a

Paw-paw

Sowing date
Growth time 10-12 months
a

Pineapple

Sowing date
Growth time 12-13 months
a

Watermelon

Sowing date September-April
Growth time 4-5 months